Guiding Principles

Let's explore the foundational principles upon which to build your organization's response to trafficking. These five principles guide the SOAR framework and are woven throughout SOAR training.

Inclusive of All Types of Human Trafficking

Your response must be inclusive of all forms of human trafficking, the overall understanding of HT in the U.S and around the world is dominated by a focus on sex trafficking. As professionals, we have to ensure that from the top down and bottom up, that we are recognizing and responding to both labor and sex trafficking.

Trauma-Informed and Person-Centered

SOAR emphasizes delivering trauma-informed, person-centered services to all individuals. All SOAR programming is informed by subject matter experts, including those with lived experience. To learn more about trauma-informed care, take our SOAR Online module ‘Trauma Informed Care.’


As a primary stakeholder in the anti-trafficking field, survivor leaders provide invaluable insight and expertise. They can support organizations and communities by informing anti-trafficking policies and practices to strengthen identification and response to trafficking. All SOAR programming is informed by subject matter experts, including those with lived experience in trafficking.

Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate

Human trafficking is a crime that affects people from all races and cultures, who speak a variety of languages. As a result, it’s important that your community is prepared to offer services that are culturally and linguistically appropriate. To learn more about delivering culturally and linguistically appropriate services, take our SOAR Online module ‘Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services.’ 


People who are at risk of trafficking or who have experienced trafficking will need the help of a multidisciplinary team of professionals, and there are different partners as you work within your organization and your community to implement a public health approach.


The SOAR Framework and these foundational principles are based on research and evidence-based practices. Similarly, effective anti-trafficking programs need to develop and implement policies that are driven by data from the field, reflective of local trafficking issues, and incorporate lessons learned from the evaluation of your organization’s program.

Explore these guiding principles in more depth in the sections that follow.

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