While anyone can be affected by trafficking, including both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals, there are some populations at a higher risk that you may encounter in your work. Factors that lead to a disproportionate risk of trafficking include: 1) history of abuse and neglect, 2) social disconnection, and 3) social stigma and exclusion.
A public health approach recognizes that violence and the inequalities built into our society's systems are influenced by the social determinants of health—these are the circumstances that people are born into, grow up with, live with, and work with that affect their health. By understanding how social determinants of health are connected to populations at the highest risk, you can better identify and respond to those affected by and at risk of trafficking. Examples of populations that may be more likely to experience these circumstances and be at greater risk of trafficking include:
In addition, those who have experienced multiple adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at greater risk of trafficking. More information about ACEs can be found in the Adverse Childhood Experiences section of the eGuide.